The Earth is currently facing a series of global challenges including climate change, water scarcity, pollution and loss of biodiversity. The vital value of water has always been undisputed however within the last few decades scientists have become concerned with water scarcity, water pollution and whether or not the world is running out of clean water.
71% of the Earth is covered by water however only 2,5% of the world’s water resource is freshwater and is therefore suitable for consumption, agriculture, industries as well as personal use. 2/3 of the freshwater is inaccessible as it is locked in glaciers and polar ice caps which leaves approximately 0,5% obtainable for plants, humans and animals. This water is being rapidly depleted by humans at an unsustainable pace.
According to the World Health Organization only 0.007 % of the world’s total water supply is safe for consumption which indicates that most of the available freshwater has been contaminated. Agriculture alone accounts on average for approximately 70% of humanity’s total freshwater consumption according to FAO and the runoff of excess nutrients from fertilizers used in agriculture has in several areas polluted freshwater sources and created eutrophication or affected the water-based ecosystems and decreased biodiversity.
Water contamination does not only affect the quality of our drinking water but is also closely connected to other global challenges such as climate change, loss of biodiversity, geopolitics, the health of ecosystems and international economy. According to WWF and the European Commission human activity, climate change and a growing global population endanger many freshwater ecosystems across the globe. Despite of international efforts the loss of habitats and species in most rivers have continued and a significant amount of rivers and lakes have been declared too contaminated to use.
One of the Earth’s natural solutions to protect the water quality has been wetlands, which can absorb excess nutrients and other polluting entities through the plants’ roots while at the same time creating habitats for wildlife and keeping the ecosystems thriving. Unfortunately, according to WWF more than half of the Earth’s wetlands have been destroyed.
We believe it is time for a change.
Wetlands have been proven to be an effective and unique way to remove common pollutants from water bodies and transform them into harmless or even advantageous nutrients essential for plant growth. This is why wetlands, both constructed and natural, can help restore ecosystems and improve water quality by using the natural processes connected to wetlands as a biological water filter.
OUR MISSION – Save our water
Eco Island aims to restore and protect Earth’s natural resources by improving water quality, restoring ecosystems in lakes and oceans as well as enhancing biodiversity by establishing new wetland habitats.
Furthermore we want to secure a sustainable water-based food production for the future that is affordable, sufficient and diverse while still living within the resource boundaries given of our planet. Within the next couple of years we will develop our floating farms and our first step on this journey is to corporate with aquaculture all over the world, improving the quality of freshwater resources.